Detail Repositori

This study aims to discuss the symbolic meaning of chicken (ayam) as the means of Panca Sata ceremony in the life of Balinese Hindu community in Penarukan Village, Tabanan, Bali Province. The research method used qualitative research. Data was obtained through observation, document studies, and in-depth interviews with 12 informants: the ceremonial performers, the religious leaders of Penarukan Adat Village, and observers of Balinese culture. Data analysis was descriptively qualitative through applying the theory of religion and structural-functional. The results showed the sesajen ayam panca warna (five-coloured) in the Panca Sata ceremony were symbols of the gods occupying the five corners of the compass: (1) the eastern position of the white chicken (Dewa Iswara), (2) the southern position of the red chicken (Dewa Brahma), (3) the western position of the white chicken (Dewa Maha Dewa), (4) the northern position of the black chicken (Dewa Wisnu), and (5) the middle position of the brumbun chicken (Dewa Siwa). The offerings of sesajen ayam panca warna are intended to reject disaster (butalaka) to achieve the balance of nature (the cosmos). The Panca Sata ceremony means: (a) as a pangeruwat (panyupatan), so that the chicken will be reincarnated into higher beings (humans); (b) creating a spiritual balance, namely providing a sense of comfort, security, peace and prosperity for life both as a human and for other living things; and ecological balance, namely environmental sustainability, including ensuring the survival of the animal population (chickens). The Panca Sata ceremony that supports environmental preservation needs to be maintained.

Panca Sata Ceremony, Penarukan-Tabanan Village, Sesaji Ayam

Jenis Repostori
Nama Jurnal

Tanggal Terbit
30 September 2020


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